NGOs assisted find more at https://thegirlcanwrite.net/belarus-women/ 44 trafficking victims in 2020, compared with 129 in 2019; 21 victims were female, 23 were male, 26 were exploited for forced labor, 11 were exploited in sex trafficking, and the remaining seven victims were uncategorized. The majority of the victims were exploited in Russia, while 16 were exploited internally in Belarus. NGOs reported some victims were more reluctant to seek assistance and report cases during the pandemic because of the lack of COVID-19 preventative measures at many government facilities.
Life expectancy at birth is 62 years for men and 74 years for women, with a population average of 68 years. Hospital treatment and some other medical and dental treatment is normally provided without fee. Belarus has several large, diverse healthcare facilities, both hospitals and outpatient institutions. Specialized medicine is expanding and improving in the country, although students learn medicine in four medical institutes , while eighteen medical schools prepare other medical personnel extensive epidemics of diphtheria have been reported in recent years.
- The first appearance of feminist initiatives came in 1991, when the Belarusian Committee of Soviet Women was transformed into the Union of Women in Belarus.
- After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the list of women-banned professions came to the Belarusian reality in 2000, when the Council of Ministers approved a decree according to which 252 professions became unavailable to women.
- Women have created solidarity groups and a huge resistance movement against war.
In the current functioning contract system, the contract itself is, in fact, a short-term employment agreement. Consequently, it turns out that the contract cannot be canceled due to the employee’s own free will. Let us say in real life it happens that a person has found a better job or vice versa, that family emergency requires you to stay at home for longer – but you are not allowed to. Officially, the contract can be terminated only upon the agreement of the parties, i.e. if the employer is against the dismissal of an employee, then it will be difficult for him/her to be fired. Indeed, Belarus provides a long-term paid maternal leave for childcare (the so-called “maternity leave”). However, the level of these state guarantees, as well as the level of salaries, is very low. Only pregnant women, women with children under 3 years old and with disabled children are more or less protected by law under the contract system.
After she was filmed telling a police officer “I am just out for a walk,” many protesters adopted the slogan. But as Lukashenko struggles to quash the unrest, it appears the government is changing its tactic — cracking down on female protesters. Mirochnik said while she thinks Kolesnikova’s arrest will not slow down the protests, people have taken her detention as “a personal insult.” Kolesnikova, with her signature bleached blonde hair and red lipstick, has walked alongside protesters in rallies, boldly approaching https://www.businessinsider.com/guides/tech/how-to-find-someone-on-snapchat riot police, demanding that mass detentions stop.
The State of the Physical and Social Sciences
Before 1861, when peasants were freed, only small parcels of land were in the hands of Belarusian farmers. Peasants had to work three days a week or one hundred fifty six days a year for the noblemen. In the beginning of the twentieth century small stretches of land were owned by the state , some land was http://rmmenvirolaw.flywheelsites.com/2021/12/russian-mail-order-bride-price-tag/ communal , and the majority was in private hands . By 1917 the state, church, and gentry owned 9.3 percent while the individual farmers held 90.7 percent of all arable land.
Now, there is a plenty of secondary regulations that are out of the Labor Code and govern precisely this contract system. Because the article 17 of the new version of the Labor Code stipulates that conclusion of fixed-term contracts is prohibited in cases of permanent types of work.
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
On the one hand, women who return from maternity leave are legally protected. Their contracts are required to extend until the child is five years old and no one has a right to dismiss these women for various reasons . However, it is known that the employer is stronger in most cases and practices open, but unprovable discrimination. Married women in Belarus are entitled to retain personal and private property, income, investments, and other assets earned by them. The average life expectancy for Belarusian women is at around 79.6 years old.
Several times a year there were public gatherings in a larger village or town. The young couple had to live with the husband’s family and often marriage was a compromise.